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Since the end of the Cold War, U.S. officials have been more willing to remind allies that the United States will not play the role of international policeman. Given U.S. reluctance, the job of peacekeeping will fall increasingly to international organizations and regional alliances. In International Peacekeeping Paul Diehl examines the recent record of United Nations peacekeeping forces and develops criteria for assessing their operations. His analysis provides useful guidance for the management of new hostilities in areas such as Central and Eastern Europe, where the dissolution of the Soviet Union has spawned bitter civil wars and dangerous border disputes. Diehl identifies three sets of factors that affect traditional international peacekeeping operations. He begins by discussing the practical concerns of peacekeeping efforts, such as force composition, organization, and deployment. He then examines issues related to the political and military context in which the forces are deployed, including the nature of the conflict and the involvement of third parties. Finally, he considers the authorization by the relevant international body - usually the United Nations - as it relates to the mission's mandate, policies, and financing. He concludes by analyzing the viability of new roles for U.N. peacekeeping troops, such as humanitarian assistance, and by exploring structural alternatives to U.N. peacekeeping operations.
When the United Nations sanctions a humanitarian relief operation, how can the numerous and diverse UN, Non-Governmental Organizations and military elements be coordinated? What are the practical, political and institutional considerations and impediments? What can be learned from previous experience? This is a volume of practitioner perspectives: the views of distinguished individuals from all of the concerned professions, including former Special Representatives of the Secretary-General and Force Commanders, as well as senior UN officials and representatives of the NGO community.
- Author : DAC Task Force on Conflict, Peace, and Development Co-operation
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1998
- Genre : Armed Forces
- Pages : 34
- ISBN : STANFORD:36105021457515
- Author : Richard Michael Connaughton
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1996
- Genre : Rwanda
- Pages : 80
- ISBN : STANFORD:36105021518209
- Author : Oliver Ramsbotham
- Publisher : Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO
- Release Date : 1999
- Genre : History
- Pages : 356
- ISBN : UOM:39015043791535
This handy reference work, which ranges from the first UN observer missions in the Balkans in 1947 to present-day Bosnia, covers not only the "blue helmets", but also peacekeeping under other auspices. It also analyzes the broader national, regional, cultural, and international contexts of peacekeeping. Special focus is placed on such contemporary issues as human rights, peace-building from below, conflict resolution theory, civilian peacekeeping, cultural considerations, and women in peacekeeping. The coverage is enhanced by a chronology, charts, maps, a list of acronyms, an annotated bibliography, and references to key web sites.
Conflicts are fought for different reasons, interests or needs, therefore their resolution may be best achieved using different but compatible approaches. One such approach is the h̀umanitarian ceasefire' which is defined as a finite halt in the conduct of an armed conflict so that a particular need of the population in the war zone may be addressed. This paper examines three such humanitarian ceasefires and argues that such peacebuilding enterprises are worthwhile as gestures of peace. It also associates the humanitarian ceasefire process with established theories on conflict resolution. It concludes with an exploration of the ways in which peacekeeping forces and the humanitarian ceasefire process might be used to complement each other and further the cause of peace.
"This book analyses international legal provision for the conduct and regulation and military operations by the United Nations ... [covering] types of UN operations, the legal basis for establishing operations, legal principles governing military operations, the requirements of consent by host states, the functions of the various types of UN military operations, the legal and organizational problems arising in the application of UN mandates, the operational control of UN forces in the field, the application of laws of armed conflict (Jus in Bello) to UN forces, [and] military discipline in multinational forces"--Jacket.
By examining UN peace-keeping activities from 1956 up to the present, the book explains how UN involvement in peace-keeping missions has expanded over time to include functions traditionally thought of as governing functions. The book argues that present demands have stretched the UN's resources and organisational capacity to the limit, thus compromising its credibility. This implies that the concept of peace-keeping needs to be redefined and readjusted according to UN capacity.
Modern Africa is engulfed in war. Nearly all of those wars arewithin states, where ethnic rivalries have been the curse of Africa since independence in the 1960s. How to prevent such intrastate conflict is the concern of this report, which focuses on conflict prevention through intervention and peace enforcement.